Time after time the fresh new environment status of your own ‘southern capital’ deteriorates considerably
July six, 1994 – is actually closed brand new Quality of one’s Finest Council of your own Republic off Kazakhstan “On the transfer of one’s money of the Republic out-of Kazakhstan.” Today, this go out try officially proclaimed because the Day of the capital. 1996 – Top Far-eastern, African and Eu architects has actually achieved to discuss this new drawings away from standard advancement plan of your own the financial support. This new around the globe race to find the best Ontario escort service standard development of Astana obtained japan architect Kisho Kurokawa. Akmola was announced because the money of Kazakhstan on 10th December 1997 by President regarding Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev additionally the Parliament of Republic out of Kazakhstan. This new in the world presentation out-of Astana, since the the brand new capital from Kazakhstan, happened on the tenth Summer 1998. In 1999 Astana was granted into the medal and you will label out of City of Serenity of the UNESCO. Now the new city’s territory is over 7 twenty two sq. kilometres.
Of the Presidential ed to the Astana
The initial capitals regarding contemporary, previous and you can progressive reputation for Kazakhstan was in fact a couple other cities during the the same time frame Alash-kala (1917-1920) – currentntly named Semey ( 1 / 2 of part of Alash-kala Region of Kazakhstan was taked faraway from Kazakhstan in the different attacks off Russian Empire and you may USSR and turned into modern Kemerovskaya oblast – Kemerovo ( Kazakh area Komir kemer interpreted away from kazakh while the Hill hillside off coal ), Altayskiy Kray – Barnaul ( Kazakh Hills out of Altai with Kazakh area Boranaul interpreted away from Kazakh as the village out-of snowfall-violent storm otherwise town of blizzard) and you can Altai Republic – Gorno-Altaisk.(Kazakh Slopes of Altai having Kazakh town Kos-Agash otherwise Kosh-Agash form the fresh woods couples including curtain of your own trees and you can exact translation on Kazakh term “kosh” and “agash” mode “good-bye, brand new forest”, comparable to depending right here treeless terrain) Kazakh Tobol Part fully taked away from and from now on it an enthusiastic region of modern Tumenskaya oblast – Tumen ( Kazakh area Tomen for example Off), Tobolsk (Kazakh area towards the river Tobyl and therefore called just after Tobyl-Tura Siberian Kazakh Khan) and you can Novosibirskaya oblast-Novosibirsk ( Sibir otherwise Siberia was a great Kazakh lands away from Siberian Kazakh Khanate), Tomskaya oblast-Tomsk ( Kazakh city Tombi
Kokand (away from 1917-1918, after Tashkent from 1918-1924)) – currently so it urban centers found on the region out-of Uzbekistan since the October 27, 1924 – 1925 as a result of the federal-territorial delimitation regarding administrative and territorial change of USSR relocated to brand new freshly-formed the fresh new Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic 1925 which have a money inside Samarkand (created from the latest mutual regions of one’s disbandment of Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic, from Bukhara Soviet Socialist Republic and you can taked away from territoies of Kazakhstan from the Syrdarya area for Kazakhstan Amudariya and you can Tashkent countyies),
Orynbor ( currently titled Orenburg) into the 1920 – 1925 ( afterwards the Kazakh territoryies were taked off from Kazakhstan – Kazakh Orynbor Area (already 1 / 2 of Orynbor Region turned element of Bashkiriya-Russia’s Self-reliance Republic), Orenburg , Kurgan ( is Kazakh town Korgan) and you can Chelyabinsk ( are Kazakh city Chelyabi) oblast(regions) out-of Russian Federation) ; Kazakh Bukei Region, Kazakh Nogay Horde and you will Astrakhan Kazakh Khanate ( already Astrakhan oblast and you can Kalmyk Self-reliance Republic out of Russian Federation ( Kazakh area Asterkhan-Kazhy Tarkhan ) and state Sary-Tau ( now entitled Saratovskaya oblast-Saratov), condition Sary-Su( named during the Russian Empire Tsaritsyn upcoming renamed so you can Volgagrad) and you may ; Kazakh town and you will condition Ombi from Akmola Area ( currently Omsk Region of Russian Federation) ; Kazakh towns and cities and you will countyies Tombi and you can Tobyl ( currently Tomsk and you will Tobolsk),
Kazakhstan this may be is actually moved to Kyzylorda when you look at the 1925. The development of your own Turkish railway is the primary reason to own mobile the main city so you can Alma-Ata inside 1929. The main city are went off Almaty to Akmola for financial, environmental and geographic grounds. Almaty is too far from the real geographic center of your nation. The populace in the Almaty is virtually step 1.5 mil with no subsequent candidates to own rental. In reality the metropolis is quite overbuilt, heavily populated and contains zero free components having advancement. Transport is even problems. It’s one of the most polluted metropolitan areas in the Kazakhstan. Akmola is picked since finest solution, according to a country-greater study taking into consideration thirty-two variables along with socioeconomic indicator, climate, landscaping, seismic status, environment, technologies and you can transportation structure, framework place and you will work force. Definitive benefits associated with Astana integrated the overall position, territory, main place, distance to major financial facilities and you can bloodstream, potential to improve the people to eight hundred,one hundred thousand, secure energy supplies, well-establish transportation system and you may well-balanced surrounding.